After Chinese troop movement was observed in the Ladakh, India has moved its troops to establish their presence in more areas along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), including in Arunachal Pradesh, a north-east state that China claims as part of “South Tibet”
In the last few months, the Indian Army along with Indo-Tibetan Border Police has established temporary camps in the inaccessible areas along the India-China border.
Indian army has also intensified its patrolling along the Dibang Valley border which is considered as one of the most vulnerable and inaccessible zones. In Arunachal Pradesh, there are six “disputed areas” and four “sensitive areas” spread across the LAC from Tawang to Anjaw district.
Arunachal Pradesh was the epi-center of a border war between India and China in 1962. After the war, the Indian government, to prevent any further ingress by the Chinese Army, did not construct the roads on the border districts of the state.
However, things have undergone several changes with all road projects now being expedited with firm deadlines. China has been taking up several developments alongside the border especially in Arunachal Pradesh that has increased the concerns of the Indian government.
Recently, China has issued orders for the development of a railway project worth $47.8 billion which will connect Sichaun to Linzi in Tibet.
Besides this, another point of concern is the relocation of Tibetans by Chinese authorities which has been intensified over the past few years under the program, “Comfortable Housing” launched in 2006.
An official which was posted at Tawang remarks “Figures available with the Indian government suggest that close to 2 million people accounting for almost two-thirds of the entire population of Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) were moved into new houses between 2006 and 2012”